5 Countries without a military. These 5 nations do not have any military forces. They have no army to go war with or defend themselves with.
5. Vatican City
The smallest country in the world, which houses the Pope, has no standing military. Informally protected by the Italian military, the Vatican’s last official guards, the Palatine Guard and the Noble Guard were abolished in 1970. Internal policing is carried out by the Gendarmerie Corps. The famous Swiss Guard, responsible for the safety of the Pope, is actually a unit belonging to the Holy See, not the Vatican.
4. Costa Rica
After a victory in the Costa Rican civil war of 1948, President Jose Figueres Ferrer abolished the military. Since 1949, the Costa Rican constitution has formally forbidden a standing military. It does have a public security force which performs law enforcement, border patrol and other internal security. Because of their lack of a military, Costa Rica is home to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the United Nations’ University for Peace.
3. Solomon Islands
An island chain in the Oceanic region of the South Pacific, the Solomon Islands have gone without armed forces since its independence in 1978. It had a paramilitary force until it was disbanded in 2003 after an ethnic conflict that led Australia, New Zealand and other pacific nations to intervene and restore order. Since this conflict, a large police force and a Maritime Surveillance Unit has provided protection for the country.
The landlocked principality bordering Austria and Switzerland is most notable for its skiing, for being a tax haven and for not having a military. Liechtenstein abolished its standing army shortly after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 because it was deemed too costly. Currently, their police force and SWAT team carry out internal security measures. The military can reinstate in a time of war, although this is very unlikely as they are a neutral country.
Located high in the Pyrenees, Andorra, like Liechtenstein, is a tax haven and doesn’t have a standing army. Bordering France and Spain, Andorra receives protection from these countries under separate treaties. Its military hasn’t fought in over 700 years and is voluntary, used primarily for ceremonial duties like presenting the Andorran flag at official functions. It does have counter-terrorism special forces unit which is part of the national police.
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